Original Message -----
From: "IT@School" <itschool(a)asianetindia.com>
Sent: Saturday, October 05, 2002 5:08 PM
> Mr.Manjush G. Menon
> We are not giving to depend totally on Ms. Products. Rather MS
> Office is taught along with open office and Windows along with Linux
> from this year. Arranging the resource persons for training an open
> software, making available the software, the maintenance of a help desk
> etc. are logistical issues which could not be immediately undertaken.
> We plan switch out to open software within three years.
> Executive Director
---- Original Message -----
From: Manjush G. Menon
Sent: Friday, October 04, 2002 5:46 PM
Subject: Respected sir,
Manjush G. Menon,
Sofker Solutions Pvt Ltd,
The Executive Director,
'IT @ SCHOOL' Project,
SUB: In protest against the inclusion of products from multinational companies
in the syllabus of 'IT @ SCHOOL'
It's a very dissappointing fact that when the whole world is moving towards
Free software, we at kerala are going behind a major MNC - Microsoft. I hereby register
my protest in such an act from 'IT @ SCHOOL' Project team.
Breaking of prototypes will definetly help us in finding economical and high quality
products for our future generation.
For students and programmers, the GNU Linux contains 'GNU Compiler Collections'
which includes C, C++, FORTRAN, PERL, TCL etc. Also, for DTP and other publishing purposes,
it includes GNU Office utilities like Abi-Word, gedit, and other worksheet utilities,
all these with a nominal cost of Rs 700-800/-. The software as it is, is free and
the cost is accounted towards the media (CD + Documentation) included.
By this letter, I urge you to take this matter seriously and suggest necessary modifications
in the action plan of 'IT @ SCHOOL' project.
Wishing you all the best and wishing all 'Students @ SCHOOL' a bright future,
Manjush G. Menon.
Check out all the latest outrageous email attachments on the Outrageous Email Chart! - http://viral.lycos.co.uk
Thanks to George Lessard for posting this across. FN
---------- Forwarded message ----------
PERUVIAN EFFORT COULD BAN MICROSOFT ON GOV. COMPUTERS
Peruvian Congressman Edgar Villanueva is pushing legislation to obligate all
public institutions to convert exclusively to open-source software.
Open-source programs, embodied by the Linux operating system, have
underlying code available to anyone who wants to modify or customize it.
Such software, in unadorned form, can be downloaded from the Internet for
free. Villanueva hopes his measure triggers activity in Peru's software
industry by freeing programmers from the constraints of working with coding
controlled by a few large companies. Open-source could take the expense out
of software upgrades; which is important for a country like Peru that owes
about $30 million in overdue software license fees.
[SOURCE: San Jose Mercury, AUTHOR: Associated Press]
... probably we need to help both Microsoft to get tighter, and those
wanting to make the shift away... FN
Microsoft on the prowl for unlicensed users in Kerala
By Sanu George, Indo-Asian News Service
Thiruvananthapuram, Jan 30 (IANS) In its drive against copyright
infringement, Microsoft has sent undercover legal officials to catch
computer resellers in Kerala using unlicensed versions of the software
According to industry sources, four computer resellers have already been
fined Rs.30,000 each for selling Microsoft products without licences and
given a stern warning.
"Two people posing as architects arrived at the office of a leading
computer reseller and asked for the latest personal computer. After the
machine was supplied with unlicensed software, the two architects
revealed they were Microsoft officials and took action against the
reseller," a reseller here told IANS, requesting anonymity.
Sources said four resellers were sent notices and asked to meet the
Microsoft attorney at a resort in suburban Thiruvananthapuram.
"What we have been told is that they were all fined Rs.30,000 and let off
with a warning," said a computer reseller.
The Microsoft officials also visited a few computer institutes here and
gathered information about the sellers who had supplied machines to them.
All Kerala Computer Products and Dealers Association president John
Kottara said while Microsoft was within its rights to act against
unlicensed users, the industry was not sure how to respond to these
"We have not yet decided how to handle this situation," Kottara said.
J. Salim, who runs an IT institute here, told IANS: "In the long run,
such raids might hamper the prospects of Microsoft."
He added, "One way is to go in for Linux. This free operating system is
becoming very popular."
--Indo-Asian News Service
Taking the liberty of sharing Enrique's letter, which makes a lot of
interesting points, with this list. FN
On Wed, 29 Jan 2003, Enrique A. Chaparro wrote:
> Hi, Fred!
> I've just came back from the III World Social Forum, held in Porto
> Alegre, Brazil. The Forum is a response (and a rebuttal :) ) to the
> World Economic Forum, and probably one of the most significant
> political events in the world. This year, 100000+ people attended
> the Forum; there were 20763 representatives of 5717 organizations
> from 156 countries, and 4094 journalist of 1432 media covered the
> The IT infrastructure of the event was deployed by Procempa (the
> information services company owned by the Municpality of Porto
> Alegre), based on free software. All the servers, and 80% of the
> ~750 desktops were based on free software.
> Debian-RS (the Debian users group of the State of Rio Grande do Sul)
> installed and operated ~80 machines at the International Youth Camp
> for the independent/alternative press media.
> The delegates' registration and workshop scheduling systems were
> based on PHP/MySQL. The three internet centers for public access
> were based on Linux (RH)/Mozilla/Evolution/OpenOffice; OpenOffice
> was also deployed on almost all the desktops (including the few
> Windows ones).
> We (hmmm... how to define `we'? a loosely coupled hacker community
> from Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Canada, Italy and Spain...) made
> several workshops one very disparate subjects: from how to manage
> a radio with free software, to the implications for human rights
> of political (WTO - WIPO - DMCA) and technological (TCPA - Palladium)
> Unfortunately, we were unable to control the Forum's official
> website ( http://www.forumsocialmundial.org.br/ ), M$-driven. One
> of the workshops made the full conversion of the site to a free
> platform (Zope), but I guess it was too late.
> The Fourth World Social Forum will probably be held in India in 2004.
> Thus, there are two open challenges for the indian free software
> community: to make the WSF4 fully powered by free software; and to
> increase the awareness of the relationships between software and
> freedoms among the social organizations and the progressive forces
> of the world. So, the challenges are open; now it's up to you :)
> In other news...
> I would like to contact Prof G Nagarajuna, who you told me was
> working on the field of free software in education. UNESCO is
> organizing an international seminar on free software in education
> in Peru for next June; having a paper from him would be great.
> And more...
> I've been asked to write an article for `Le Monde Diplomatique'
> in Spanish, on the relationships between software and society.
> I will need lots of input, so I will be bothering you soon on
> the issues in India, if you don't mind.
> Warmest regards from the Far South.
Frederick Noronha : http://www.bytesforall.org : When we speak of free
Freelance Journalist : Goa India 403511 : software we refer to
Ph 0091.832.409490 : Cell 0 9822 122436 : freedom, not price.
---------- Forwarded message ----------
WSIS delegates fail to agree on open-source 'support'
Draft was changed after objections by U.S.
TOKYO -- A three-day meeting that brought together Asian governments,
organizations, companies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs)
ended Wednesday morning with the approval of a declaration that, among
other things, calls for encouraging the development of open-source
software. A draft of the declaration had called for open source to be
"supported" but was changed after objections from the U.S. government
delegation late Tuesday night.
The U.S. opposition was largely perceived to be support for its
domestic software companies and in particular Microsoft, said
officials from other governments on the sidelines of the conference on
Wednesday. After a short debate with a number of countries, including
Pakistan, that wanted the original language to remain, all sides
finally reached agreement and the declaration was changed to read:
"Development and deployment of open-source software should be
encouraged, as appropriate, as should open standards for ICT
(information and communications technology) networking."
The change was one of a number made during a late-night session at the
end of the second day of the Asian Regional Conference. The event is
one of a number of conferences being held around the world to solicit
regional input for the World Summit on the Information Society, a
government-leader level U.N. summit that will take place in December
this year in Geneva, Switzerland, and in Tunis in 2005.
At the meeting, representatives of 48 countries, 21 international
organizations, 53 private sector entities and 116 NGOs discussed a
number of issues related to the information society and debated over
the content of the final output of the meeting, a document called the
Tokyo Declaration. The declaration will go forward to a meeting in
Geneva next month and bring together participants from around the
world as part of the large planning process that must precede the
The declaration touched on a wide range of issues related to the
information society and included a call for greater information
security, a balance between content owners and users in the area of
intellectual property rights, and more work on the digital divide.
The lack of awareness of the need for information security was
recognized as a weakness for the Asia-Pacific region. The declaration
touched upon the need for greater awareness of cybercrime and
cyberterrorism while recognizing that equal and fair access to
information technology is also important.
"Special attention should be paid to the fact that ICTs can
potentially be used for purposes that are inconsistent with the
objectives of maintaining international stability and security, and
may adversely affect the integrity of the infrastructure within
states, to the detriment of their security in both civil and military
fields," it said.
In the area of copyright, the declaration recognized the "vital role"
that intellectual property rights play in innovation in software,
e-commerce and related areas, but also noted the need to strike a fair
balance between such rights and the interests of users.
The same two areas were identified by a Japanese government official
as possible areas of which participants to WSIS in December will agree
require the creation of a legal and policy framework that spans
international borders. Agreement on the need to create a global legal
and policy framework for the information society is one of several
goals already identified for the summit.
"I think the big issues that need to be tackled are intellectual
property rights and information security," said Yoshio Tsukio, vice
minister for policy coordination and Japan's Ministry of Public
Management, Home Affairs, Posts and Telecommunications (MPHPT).
The conference heard more pledges to bridge the digital divide and
several points in the declaration focused on extending the benefits of
the information society to the poor and otherwise disadvantaged.
"The digital divide unfortunately is widening," said Kim Hak Su, the
executive secretary of the United Nations Economic and Social
Commission for the Asia-Pacific and the U.N.'s highest ranking
official in Asia.
"It is not only between the countries but within the countries and
between generations and the able-bodied and disabled. The
international community is trying to help to assist those countries
who do not have a national strategy and a national political
commitment is also essential. Also, the Government of Japan is
offering a substantial ODA (overseas development aid) package to
developing member countries," he told IDG News Service.
"This digital divide will be with us for some years to come and we
have to work very hard. There is no magic formula but we should work
hard," he said. Kim admitted that promises to help have been made
before and the problem often comes down to paying for things. "We need
the private sector to do many things. Governments cannot do everything
"We need more money and more discussion but Tokyo has set the
direction," he said. "The direction is right and WSIS could be
important because political commitment is also important."
Speaking after the event, a number of NGOs that had taken part in the
summit said they were broadly satisfied with the outcome but had hoped
for greater commitment in a number of areas such as a social justice.
They were satisfied with the inclusion of a reference to human rights
in the declaration, despite some attempts to change it, they said.
The groups also repeated protests over the deregistration of NGOs from
Taiwan on Tuesday as the result of repeated protests by the Chinese
"There is discrimination against the principles of WSIS for a
comprehensive inclusion of all stakeholders in the information society
including civil society, which includes Taiwanese NGOs as well," said
Chuang Chiting, the international affairs director of the Taiwan
Association for Human Rights.
"As Taiwan is a very powerful ICT country and it provides major input
to the information society, we do hope our voices can be heard and be
constructive towards a better future in the international community,"
she said. The representatives were allowed to stay at the meeting
under the affiliation of a Japanese NGO.
Martyn Williams is a Tokyo correspondent for the IDG News Service,
an InfoWorld affiliate.
Query from someone working with the GNU/LinuxInSchools initiative in
Goa. Could anyone help? FN
On Wed, 29 Jan 2003, Aparant Infomedia wrote:
> Dear Fred,
> If I could get some simplified instruction manuals for Linux it will be
> of great help to teachers in our schools. Can you please help me to lay
> my hands on any such material.
Frederick Noronha : http://www.bytesforall.org : When we speak of free
Freelance Journalist : Goa India 403511 : software we refer to
Ph 0091.832.409490 : Cell 0 9822 122436 : freedom, not price.
This book has been GNU FDL'd. Does it mean anyone can reprint it in
India? If so, who? FN
LINUX JOURNAL PRESS RELEASES "LINUX IN THE WORKPLACE" UNDER
Latest in a series of openly published books from No Starch
---------- Forwarded Message ----------
Subject: [Commons-Law] Who says patents are boring
Date: Sun, 26 Jan 2003 14:57:27 +0530 (IST)
thought it will be fun to have some postings about some
entertaining patents/ patent claims. This one is forthe method of
swinging on a swing
United States Patent
April 9, 2002
Method of swinging on a swing
A method of swing on a swing is disclosed, in which a user
positioned on a standard swing suspended by two chains from a
substantially horizontal tree branch induces side to side motion by
pulling alternately on one chain and then the other.
Olson; Steven(337 Otis Ave., St. Paul, MN 55104)
November 17, 2000
Current U.S. Class:
Field of Search:
References Cited [Referenced By]
U.S. Patent Documents
Primary Examiner:Nguyen; Kien T.
Attorney, Agent or Firm:Olson; Peter Lowell
1. A method of swinging on a swing, the method comprising the steps
of: a) suspending a seat for supporting a user between only two
chains that are hung from a tree branch; b) positioning a user on
the seat so that the user is facing a direction perpendicular to
the tree branch; c) having the user pull alternately on one chain
to induce movement of the user and the swing toward one side, and
then on the other chain to induce movement of the user and the
swing toward the other side; and d) repeating step c) to create
side-to-side swinging motion, relative to the user, that is
parallel to the tree branch. 2. The method of claim 1, wherein the
method is practiced independently by the user to create the
side-to-side motion from an initial dead stop. 3. The method of
claim 1, wherein the method further comprises the step of: e)
inducing a component of forward and back motion into the swinging
motion, resulting in a swinging path that is generally shaped as an
oval. 4. The method of claim 3, wherein the magnitude of the
component of forward and back motion is less than the component of
side-to-side motion. Description
The present invention relates to a method of swinging on a swing.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
A few basic types of swings have been around for generations.
Perhaps the most common is one that includes a seat suspended
between two ropes or chains that are hung from a tree branch or
other substantially horizontal support. These swings are often
found in side-by-side sets of two or three or more on, for example,
a school playground. Young children often need help to climb onto a
swing, and may need a push (sometimes even an "underdog" push) to
begin swinging. Others may be able to begin the swinging movement
on their own by pushing with their feet against the ground, and
once moving may coordinate the motion of their legs and body in
what may be called "pumping" to sustain the movement of the swing.
When swinging in this manner, the user travels along a path as
generally shown in the cross-section of FIG. 1. Another method of
swinging on a swing involves twisting the seat around repeatedly so
that the chains or ropes are wound in a double helix. When allowed
to unwind, the swing spins quickly, which can be entertaining for
the user. These methods of swinging on a swing, although of
considerable interest to some people, can lose their appeal with
age and experience. A new method of swinging on a swing would
therefore represent an advance of great significance and value.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, a method
is provided for swinging on a swing. The swing comprises a seat for
supporting a user that is suspended between two chains that are
hung from a substantially horizontal tree branch. The method
comprises the steps of: a) positioning a user on the seat; and b)
having the user pull alternately on one chain to induce movement of
the user and the swing toward one side, and then on the other chain
to induce movement of the user and the swing toward the other side,
to create side-to-side motion. In another embodiment of the
invention, the swinging method may be practiced independently by
the user to create the side-to-side motion from an initial dead
stop. These and other features of the invention are described in
greater detail below. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is a schematic top view of the swinging path of a swing used
in accordance with conventional swinging methods. FIG. 2 is a front
view of a swinging path of a swing used in accordance with one
embodiment of the swinging method of the present invention. FIG. 3
is a schematic top view of a swinging path of a swing used in
accordance with a second embodiment of the swinging method of the
present invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The present inventor has created, through experimentation on a
standard swing, a new and improved method of swinging. The swing is
of the type described above, in which a seat is suspended between
two chains that are hung from a substantially horizontal tree
branch. As is apparent to those of ordinary skill in the area of
swinging, the chains could be replaced with ropes, cables, or the
like, or the tree branch could be replaced with another
substantially horizontal support such as a metal bar or pole. The
standard swing should be a single swing that is suspended
sufficiently far away from obstructions to make the practice of the
inventive swinging method completely safe. That is, the swing
should be suspended a sufficient distance away from the trunk of
the tree from which it suspended, and from any other swing,
building, support, overhead wire, or other obstruction or threat to
safety that may be present. The standard method of swinging on a
swing is defined by oscillatory motion of the swing and the user
along an axis that is substantially perpendicular to the axis of
the tree branch from which the swing is suspended. This "forward
and back" movement has been known for generations, and is
illustrated in FIG. 1. In contrast to the conventional method of
swinging, the present inventor has discovered that much greater
satisfaction can be obtained by alternately pulling on one chain to
move the swing and the user toward that side, and then pulling on
the other chain to move the swing and the user toward that side.
This side-to-side oscillatory motion of the swing and the user is
thus along an axis that is substantially parallel to the axis of
the tree branch from which the swing is suspended, and is
illustrated in FIG. 2. This side to side swinging method has the
added benefit that it can be continued for long periods of time
simply by alternately pulling on one chain and then t! he other.
The importance of sufficient clearance between the swing and any
obstructions or threats to the user's safety is apparent. The
present inventor has discovered certain other improvements in the
art of swinging on a swing, either or both of which can be used in
conjunction with the swinging method described immediately above.
The first is that the inventive swinging method can be initiated
from a dead stop without pushing, and without the user having to
contact the ground. That is, the user can climb onto the swing, and
begin from an initial dead stop to pull first on one chain, and
then on the other chain, alternately until the user and the swing
have begun to swing side-to-side in accordance with the inventive
swinging method described herein. This enables even young users to
swing independently and joyously, which is of great benefit to all.
Another improvement on the swinging method described above is the
induction into the side-to-side swinging movement of a component of
forward-and-back motion. That is, by skillful manipulation of the
body, the present inventor has found it possible to add a
relatively minor component of forward-and-back motion to the
side-to-side swinging motion, resulting in a swinging path that is
generally shaped like an oval, as is shown in FIG. 3. It is
preferred that the magnitude of the forward-and back motion (shown
in FIG. 3 as being along the Y axis) be less than the magnitude of
the side-to side motion (shown in FIG. 3 as being along the X
axis), so that the latter predominates. In this manner, the motion
can be more easily continued simply by alternately pulling on one
chain and then the other in the manner described. Lastly, it should
be noted that because pulling alternately on one chain and then the
other resembles in some measure the movements one would use to
swing from vines in a dense jungle forest, the swinging method of
the present invention may be referred to by the present inventor
and his sister as "Tarzan" swinging. The user may even choose to
produce a Tarzan-type yell while swinging in the manner described,
which more accurately replicates swinging on vines in a dense
jungle forest. Actual jungle forestry is not required. Licenses are
available from the inventor upon request.
commons-law mailing list
The Laboratory in Informatics for the Liberal Arts (LILA) of the Mahatma
Gandhi Antarrashtriya Hindi Vishwavidyalaya has brought out a magazine
named LILA devoted to futuristic computing. They say that, to their
knowledge, this is the first magazine in India to be manufactured
completely in Free Software, and also the first to be brought out under
the Free Documentation Licence. They propose to have Free Software as
its major theme, with other aspects of contemporary trends in computing
also included. No price is mentioned on the magazine. Hope it is 'free'
as in 'free beer'! ;-)
The university has a website: hindivishwa.org
V. Sasi Kumar
You have wrote,
> When we are dealing with moral and ethical issues that led to the
> formation of the Free Software Movement we cannot confine ourselves
> just to the terms set forth in the GPL. The GPL is only a licencing
> scheme that was formulated to reflect the principles of behind the Free
> Software Movement. If we imbibe the spirit of the movement, then we will
> be able to see that the whole issue is about sharing with the community,
> and not just giving a copy of the source code to the customer, who, for
> all one knows, would often not be able to make head or tail out of it.
> Just as a programmer has the freedom to make use of code written by
> someone, (s)he has the responsibility to give back to the community code
> that (s)he has written. I think that is the spirit. Do correct me if I
> am wrong.
OSS is considered with moral and ethical issues raised by GPL. OSS is really
sharing its sotfware with the community who reqiure it. We realised its
advantage. If our customer could not be able to make head or tail out of the
source code, they defenitely will approach the nearest approachable software
worker. If our project is funded by a social body, we could have share it
with community for free of cost. Since it did not happen, we have to share it
with community for a price.
> It may be easy to say that, if you cannot make a living through selling
> services, then you do something else. But we all know that in the
> context of our state this is not easily practiced. But I am not sure
> that not putting up your software for download would help you earn more
> income. If a programmer really wanted to make use of your code, (s)he
> could get it from one of your customers, as you yourself have stated.
> Or, am I wrong there?
OSS do not think that our market will be affected by spreading of source code.
But our policy is that development of a sotware solution is achieved through
manpower and infrastructure utilisation. Our members are not like Sunday
Congress members. (During the earlier stage of freedom struggle bureaucratic
members of Indian National Congress meet only on Sundays, Other days they
used to work for British rule and they used to blame regular congress
members). As we are full time activists of GPL'ed software. we have to sell
and service on solutions developed by us.
If the price offered by OSS is unaffordable, they can approach our customer.
Same was the advise we have given to Nest when they approached us. Now for
Mayyanad Service Co-op bank Nest has given the same quotation as ours. They
might have received it from some of our customer. OSS is not at all bothered
of re-distributing the product by its customer under GPL. But as a society we
cannot provide our product free of cost. Our policy is distribute it under
GPL for a price.
Here is the lists of customers of ShanghaMithra for convenience interested
--P&T Employees Credit Society, Ernakulam
--Central Excise Employees Credit Co-operative Society,
--Malayidamthuruthu Service co-operative bank, Ernakulam
--P&T Employees Credit Society, Palakkad
--Parakkadavu Service Co-Operative Bank, Ernakulam
--Mattanchery Mahajanik Co-operative Urban Bank, Ernakulam
--Government Employees Co-operative society, Kollam
--Pothukal Service Co-operative Bank Ltd., Malappuram
--P&T Employees Credit Society, Thrissoor
--P&T Employees Credit Society, Aalapuzha
--Pattitthara Service Co-operative Bank Ltd., Malappuram
> Cost effectiveness becomes secondary because of a few reasons. I think
> the most important issue is empowerment. People who talk about Total
> Cost of Ownership forget about the costs of dependency in the long term
> and the gain to society through empowerment. While cost becomes
> important for a society like ours, it can be properly considered only
> when all the implications are taken into consideration, and not just the
> immediate cost of implementation. I find a similarity here with the
> debate about environment and development, where many people tended to
> overlook the long term environmental costs of development projects and
> saw only the short term benefits. It is, therefore, important to see
> things in their proper perspective.
I think there is no one-to-one correlation between software and
non-environmental friendly projects. So there is no comparison between them.
Cost-effectiveness is essentially a prime requirement for a financially
backward community. But Cost-effectiveness claimed for a non-environmental
friendly projects are pseudo claim. If we are taken into consideration of
environmental costs it is hardly affordable.
You may please list all the cost implications those are to be taken into
consideration when a software is distributed under GPL but not strictly
following your version of ethics of so called free software.