Following is the syllabus for the students of all engineering
colleges, which teaches MSwindows and MSword. It appears that
officials are determinted to waste national resources and to make
ourself slave. While in Instructional objective they mention package
like MS word, but later in contents they fixed it to only M$.
CC-111 FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
4. Process text by using text processor package such as MS Word.
3(a) Introduction to windows and its features
3(b) Introduction to MS Word, document creation, editing, printing and saving, spell check and mail merge.
8. Practice with MS word, Operating and closing document, Preparation of document, setting of document, familiarization with various tools.
---------- Forwarded message ----------
I am pleased to announce the release of Ocrad 0.7.
Ocrad is an OCR (Optical Character Recognition) program.
The homepage is at http://www.gnu.org/software/ocrad/ocrad.html.
The sources can be dowloaded from http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/ocrad/ or from
your favorite GNU mirror.
The md5sum is:
This release is also GPG signed. You can download the signature by
appending ".sig" to the URL.
Changes in version 0.7:
* Internal change to UCS (Universal Character Set) instead of ISO 8859-1.
* Default charset is now ISO 8859-15 (latin9).
* Ocrad now recognizes Turkish characters (ISO 8859-9).
* Added new output format (UTF-8).
* Added new options --charset and --format.
* Added man page.
Be aware that frames, lines, pictures, etc, can (by the moment) totally
Please report bugs to <bug-ocrad(a)gnu.org>.
Antonio Diaz, GNU Ocrad author and maintainer.
GNU Announcement mailing list <info-gnu(a)gnu.org>
Raghavendra Bhat said:
> The Malayalam weekly `Madhyamam' dated Feb 13 has a cover feature on
It also carried a very poor comparative study between Linux and Windows
and contradictory statements about Swathanthra Software and CDIT. The
reporter is trying to affirm that Windows is superior to GNU/Linux.
This week's THE WEEK carries a very interesting 2 page article on RMS.
The issue dated Feb 15 has hit the news-stands.
The Malayalam weekly `Madhyamam' dated Feb 13 has a cover feature on
The ECE department of National Institute of Technology, Trichy as a part of its
technical symposium "Probe", is organizing a video conference with the free
software guru, Dr. Richard Stallman. The talk will be on "Free Software".
Date: 17 Feb(Tuesday)
Venue: A2 Hall, National Institute of Technology, Trichy
The event is open to everybody.
For information about this talk, check out
For more information about free software and the gnu project, check out
For more information about Dr. Richard Stallman, check out
For further details on Probe, check out http://www.nitt.edu/probe
or mail to probe(a)nitt.edu
Free the Code.
Free the User.
This mail sent through IMP(http://www.nitt.edu)
I am glad to announce that the Gis Morphix,
a morphix based GNU/Linux distribution for GIS works
is now ready.
It includes Gis applications like GRASS5.7, thuban,iGmt
etc.Few applications for scientific computing including
maxima,gnuplot,octave etc are also included. Postgressql database
All applications like office suite(Openoffice), Mailclient
(Evolution) etc are included, so that it is enough for all your
Being a morphix clone, It can be used as a Live CD,
ie you can use it even without installing. Installing it
into your hardisk is also simple.
Above all, latest version of mapserver is included, and we
have made a sample server to demonstrate the power of Mapserver.
So when you boot the CD, it shows the demo site in a browser.
The data for the sample site is from Frida project.
Eyewitness account of the Linux monopoly trial
Washington DC, January 31, 2014 -- Riot police have finally managed to beat
back the milling throng of displaced Visual Basic programmers who attacked
the courthouse after Judge Cotter Kathelly announced that Linux was not an
illegal monopoly and that neither Linus Torvalds nor his company, Linux
Development, Inc, owed damages to former employees and shareholders of
now-bankrupt Microsoft or to any of its business partners.
- by Robin 'Roblimo' Mille
(Reporters Stephen Glass and Jayson Blair contributed to this article)
Source: Politech mailing list
Archived at http://www.politechbot.com/
Moderated by Declan McCullagh (http://www.mccullagh.org/)
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"88__/ | Y888 "8__/ X 888 888 888 "88_/888 888 "88_-888
Formerly LinuxInIndia * Compiled by: Frederick Noronha * Feb ,2004
BUY GNU/LINUX CDs at Rs 30 per CD (plus postage). This network, run by
Aniket Navelkar <aniket at gmx.net> is supported by the GNU/Linux Users
Group of Margao, Goa. To place an order for your personal copy and for
further info, pls contact aniket at gmx.net. Payment via cash, DD, money
order or SBI electronic transfer.
Distros currently available include Debian 3.0, Redhat 9.0, Mandrake 9.1,
Knoppix 3.3 and 3.2, GNUWin 2.1 (GNU utilities for Windows!), FreeBSD 5.0,
Server Optimised Linux (SOL), Dynebolic 1.03a3, The Open CD (for Windows
platform), FreEDUC (educational software that boots from a CDrom), SUSE
LiveEval, Gnoppix (no, this is not a spelling mistake!), Slackware 9.0,
RockLinux 2.0 (lots of Windows Managers Qvwm, Fwvm2, icewm), Conectiva 9.0
(four-CD set), ArchLinux 0.5, ArkLinux, and GSCP Distro (the easy-to-set up
version of the Goa Schools Computers Project).
>From aniket at gmx.net in Jan 2004
New CDs available, thanks to Kaushal Bhandarkar for sending across the same:
Mandrake 9.2 (3 CDs), Knoppix v3.3-2003-11-10-EN, Slackware 9.1, Debian
Update 3.0r1-i386, Gentoo i686-1.5-20030911 (MD5 file not included) 2 CDs,
Yarrow SRPMS (3 CDs), Sid i386 (12 CDs), FreEduc 1.4.1, Sarge i386 (12 CDs)
IN ANOTHER WORLD, ALREADY: Arun M <arun at gnu.org.in> reports from the
World Social Forum, a prestigious event held in Mumbai: Free Software keeps
communications alive at the WSF The Media Center at WSF 2004, equipped with
a complete network lab of 120 computers and 40 lap-top connections was
maintained open and functional 24 hrs for the entire forum with Free
This is the first time in WSF history, that media members were allowed
access to the facilities at the center 24 hours a day. The challenges were
present every day of this world forum, although no official complaints: the
dedicated effort of fifty Free Software Foundation (FSF) volunteers and
members, with great enthusiasm and considerable knowledge helped in all
technical aspects to make this first-time event a reality.
Keep in mind this is a youth revolution, since most of the FSF volunteers
are younger than 21. They all showed the world that we do not need
restrictions and privatization of systems of information, that knowledge and
human communications are truly free and democratic.
The software's name? It's GNU/LINUX
On the initiave of Dr Nagarjun G., board of directors of the FSF, the entire
media center at the WSF, from which about 2,000 journalists generated
reports and news, Free Software is not possible, but REAL.
For more information, visit GNU Web Site
P.S. FSF members already consider themselves living in Another World.
FLOPPY-BASED VISITING CARD: Doc Partha from Secunderabad
<hyd1_algolog at sancharnet.in> has created a "simple, floppy-based
visiting card" which is aimed "just to give away free to doubting
Toms". When anyone asks "What's (GNU) Linux?" all he does is to hand
out this demo floppy. Doc Partha had also created the Linux In a
Teaspoon product (very useful e-books on it). To find out more
information contact hyd1_algolog @ sancharnet.in (h-y-d-one
underscore algolog AT sancharnet dot in) Dr S Parthasarathy can also
be contacted at Algologic Research & Solutions, 78 Sancharpuri
Colony, Bowenpally, Secunderabad 500011
UPDATE FROM BANGALORE: Atul Chitnis <achitnis at exocore.com> informs that
the slides used by speakers during their talks at early-Dec 2003 Linux
Bangalore/2003 are now available for download. To get at them, head for
http://linux-bangalore.org/2003/schedules/ And click on the talk whose
slides you wish to download - this will take you to the talk summary page,
where you can select the format in which you wish to receive the slides (in
most cases, this would be OpenOffice SXI or PowerPoint PPT - both are
Adds Chitnis: "Some slides are in PDF or MGP (MagicPoint) format.As always,
the decision to make slides available in PowerPoint format as well is based
on the fact that there are still a few people out there who use closed
source software -- we want them to be able to download and view the slides
as well, to set them on the road to redemption. :) Of course, there is a
link to OpenOffice.org as well, to allow people to download this Open Source
office suite (which is the recommended way of doing things)...."
SARASWATI: ONE-MIND. An information sharing system for schools in
Goa, through connecting them via the Internet. A low-cost solution
that enables member schools to share knowledges and resources with
others. http://www.knowledgeinitiatives.org/saraswati Contact Mario
Alvares <mario at alienwiz.com>
RMS MAKES NEWS: As usual, during his recent India-visit Richard "RMS"
Stallman <rms at gnu.org> continued to make news. Here are some updates from
Sajith VK <sajithvk at hotpop.com>
Meeting with opposition leader, Kerala:
Stallman to launch courseware lessons of Free Software:
Stallman on Saturday came down heavily on the State IT leadership..:
We are ready to give freeSoftwares for all initiatives of govt...:
http://www.kaumudi.com/ (Not sure what the URL is)
MAPPING AND GIS TOOLS: Dr C M Harish <cmharic at postmark.net> of the
Geomatics Lab, CESS at Thiruvananthapuram 695 031 write in: "Would you
(ILUG-Goa) be interested in a Morphix-GIS Live CD (compiled on the lines of
Knoppix-GIS). It has a collection of current mapping and GIS tools like
SPRING, GRASS, GMT etc. Included also are standard applications like GIMP
Openoffice 1.1 ..." We are grateful to Dr Harish for sending in the copy,
which is now available with Aniket's low-cost CD store... <aniket at
QUERY FROM NANDED... PLEASE HELP SET UP NEW GNU/LUGS: From Manoj
Purhoti <gres_manoj at rediffmail.com> I am Manoj Govind Purohit,
from Nanded (Maharashtra), India, would like to start an ILUG centre
in my city, Kindly guide me in this regards, cause I got lot more
info from internet about it but certainly failed to get the thing,
about what will be the fund raising procedures for such a group,
since lot of activities are expected to be carried out and each of
them involves expenses. Will you be please guide me in this regard.
STANDARDISATION ISSUE... NEWS FROM SINGAPORE: Lim Swe Tat from Singapore
points to a set of Scott McNeil's slides available on the issue of
standardisation of GNU/Linuc. Says he: "A set of slides which we felt were
particularly useful to educate on Linux standards can be found at Linux
Users Group's website at
is the Executive Director of Freestandards.org, a group that is working on
sub projects such as the Linux Standards Base.
ALL THE PRESIDENT'S SOFTWARE: Ramanraj K <ramanraj at
md4.vsnl.net.in> says, The redesigned President of India's site at
http://www.presidentofindia.nic.in is aesthetically pleasing and now
hosted on Apache Tomcat/4.1.10
Our President, in his Republic Day Eve Speech has desired India to
be: "A Nation where the governance uses the best of the technologies
to be responsive, transparent, easily accessible and simple in
rules, thereby corruption free" The entire text of the speech is
RACHANA, LOOKS GOOD, SOUNDS GOOD: Rachana, a Malayalam font has been
released in free license. Says Manilal <manilal at sepsit.org>: "I have this
font with me. If you want this I'll send it. But I don't know whether it's
official release or not. However since there are no full-fledged editors,
using this charset it's little use now. We are working to develop such an
editor. The fonts are fantastic and most of them look like the letters in
the older 'thaliyola'. I am not a member of the development team. One of my
friends gave me this fonts." http://www.linuxense.com/oss/rachana/
TO ACCESS MORE INFORMATION LIKE THIS, CONTACT:
Fsf-friends mailing list
APACHE... THIS IS INDIAN: Bharati S <sbharathi at MidasComm.Com> informs
that on Feb 19, 2004 ILUGC and CollabNat organized for a talk by Mr. Brian
Behlendorf (Founder, Apache Software Foundation) in ISCR Seminar Hall.
Details from Bharathi S | MeTel Team, TeNeT Group | DONLab, IIT-M, OMC Group
LINUX ASIA: Rahul Chopra of Linux For You
<rahul_chopra at efyindia.com> had offered Free Software
Foundation-India a free booth at the LinuxAsia event to be held in
Feb 2004 in Delhi. Looking forward to something coming out of this.
Wired News * Jan. 20, 2004 * 13 Languages Speak With One Voice * By Swaroopa
MUMBAI, India -- The World Social Forum is speaking in 13 languages this
year. And amazingly, most of the time, everyone understands what the others
Moving the WSF to India meant that more Asian groups would participate in
the forum, giving it a different flavor from previous years. But India is
also a land of 14 official languages, which meant WSF organizers had to
spend hundreds of thousands of dollars on expensive translation equipment so
the participants, Indian and otherwise, could follow each other.
In previous years, translations were offered to delegates in three
languages: English, French and Spanish. This year, in addition to these
languages, translations are being provided in Korean, Japanese, Hindi,
Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Bengali, Malayalam, Bahasa Indonesian and Thai. And
yet, the service costs are minimal.
The translations are being done by an international network of volunteer
interpreters called Babels, using a newly created open- source Linux
software. The software can be run on a midrange computer, therefore cutting
out the high costs of translation associated with special high-speed
computers, consoles and mixing equipment.
The translator uses an interface on the computer screen to select the
language being spoken. The speaker's voice is digitized and sent to the
translator, who then sends the translated text out through the interface to
audiences, who listen on headsets.
"This is the first time we have used such an innovative free-share on such a
large scale," said Sophie Gosselin, a member of Nomad, the organization that
created the translation software. "And because all the speeches and their
translations are going through our computers, we are going to be able to
archive all of them. This means we will be able to put it up on the WSF's
site to be shared with everyone who was not able to attend now, taking the
forum to hundreds of thousands of people."
The WSF is also using an FM radio frequency to provide translations in
various Indian languages to help cut the cost of attaching headsets to every
seat. FM radios are being sold at the venue for 100 rupees ($2).
"Our main aim is to keep the costs as low as possible and yet not impose
English upon everyone," said Gosselin. "We want everyone to feel like they
have ownership of this event. For example, when we contacted the Koreans to
ask them if they wanted translations, they were really surprised, as they
were so used to being marginalized. But the Korean delegation turnout here
is now higher because they feel included."
But it hasn't all been smooth sailing. The interpreters have been beset by
technical difficulties and infrastructure problems at the forum, causing
many delegates to attend only panels spoken in their language.
"It's great when it works," said Andre Grosso, an interpreter from France.
"The technology is democratic, it's independent of the politics of different
agendas, it's open-source -- keeping in line with the philosophy of the
forum -- and it's highly economical."
REPORT FROM KERALA: doxa at sancharnet.in writes in a report titled
'Stallman cautions Government of Kerala':
Richard M Stallman was speaking at Thrissur in Kerala on Jan 22.
RMS, as he is popularly known in the Internet world (rms at gnu.org),
was here after attending World Social Forum at Mumbai.
Free Software, he said had four levels of freedom. At Freedom Level
'0', it allowed anyone to use the software for any purpose. RMS
added that this freedom was offered by most of the proprietary
At Freedom Level '1', he said Free software allowed anyone to study
the source code. This freedom is not there in the non-free
proprietary world. Source code never accompanies non-free
proprietary softwares. Its is even never released. RMS informed that
there were numerous instances in the past when companies would use
their popular software to spy on users. He informed that earlier
whenever a Windows XP user went on-line, the Operating System would
inform Microsoft, details of whatever software was on the hard-disk
of the user. "When this issue became a debating issue, Microsoft
quietly removed this feature. But only to return after a gap. This
time the details are encrypted and sent, so that no one get to know
of this". RMS added that even some freeware (proprietary software
that doesn't come with source code) available on the Internet like
RealPlayer also does this.
At Freedom Level '2', RMS said that it allowed anyone freedom to
modify the code. "You are not at the mercy of the company who sold
you the product. You are not helpless here. When you observe some
malfunctioning or you need a feature added to it, you are forced to
contact the software provider. In free software, you yourself can
make the modification if you have those skills, or can approach a
technical programmer nearby to have it fixed for you. Remember, you
may have to pay him for this service." Free software is not
non-commercial, RMS added, and said that he himself had been selling
CDs in the initial stages when he set out to create a world class
Operating System. He had worked alone, after he quit his job at
MIT's Artificial Intelligence Lab in 1978, disgusted over AT&T's
move to make UNIX operating system, proprietary. By 1984, he
established the Free Software Foundation, who would fund the
development activities for reaching the goal of presenting the
global citizen a Free Operating System.
At Freedom Level '3', the user of a free software could share his
software with his friend or neighbour. "In proprietary software
world, this is a crime. Isn't this practice that tells you not to
share anything with anyone, an evil ? Way back, when I started out
on my mission, everyone had this kind of culture, where sharing and
co-operation was the mark of the day. I had convinced myself on the
need to carry this culture ahead, in my programme." This is where
Free Software pushes every other software behind, he said. "This
movement, this Free Software Foundation's movement is based on
certain core values centred around social, political and ethical
issues, and is not merely making available software free of cost. It
is a political movement and looks at the ethical issues." RMS
heavily cautioned against using proprietary software in schools,
even if it were available at a cheaper price or free of cost. "Its
like tobacco companies giving away free cigarettes to children.
Their motive is totally different. You have to take this aspect into
notice." The packed hall at John Mathai Centre at Thrissur listened
to the great crusader of justice in the software world in rapt
attention. "Even if the company offers such solutions free of cost,
they may charge later for its upgrades. You need to watch out, be
very careful here. Would you want such a generation of citizens
here, in this part of the world?"
Governments the world over are beginning to appreciate the dangers
that accompany proprietary software and are bringing in legislation
to curb the tendencies in Public Institutions. "This is however not
the case with your Goverment of Kerala. Let me tell you, they have
already computerised most of their programmes in the Departments of
Finance and Local Self Governments on proprietary non-free software.
You have to resist this move. This is not in the interest of the
Citizens here. You got to tell this to your Government. Most of the
other departments would need to interact with these departments, at
a later stage. Moreover, when the Government makes the decision, it
is slipping into a state of helplessness, as later on, it will be
dependant on the company to make any alterations or modifications,
even if you have the technical skills to do it yourself. You are
losing your independence. Your freedom is highly compromised when
you use software whose source code is held secret. Anything can
happen. Things can be controlled from remote, without your knowledge
,using spy code. For public enterprises, this is not in good taste.
,This has to be converted into a political issue."
"Moreover, when you are using non-standard and non-free formats of
storing data, you are becoming totally dependant on the supplier.
The Government has to make considerable investment in this area,
immediately, without losing any more time. The more the time lapse,
the greater would be the level of dependance and the cost of
migrating back to free software. In case you need my help, let me
tell you, the FSF people in India are there to offer any kind of
technical help." RMS cautioned the designs that are taking shape
across the globe to bring in a kind of "electronic colonisation".
"There are people planning to do wrong things. You are a world
citizen now. You got to resist this tendency at every level
RMS also answered to a volley of questions on issues that confronted
free software elsewhere. SCO had sued IBM against using GNU Linux
that it said was using pieces of its own code. "I don't think SCO is
going to win. The judge has given SCO just one month time to point
out exactly those parts of the code in the Linux kernel, that it
finds objectionable. I don't think SCO would be able to do this.
Even if they succeed, there is no reason for any panic, the
maintainers of the kernel would come out with appropriate fixes. It
would be another opportunity for the maintainers to show their
"Let me tell you that Linux is not the only kernel which is there on
GNU platform. There is also the Hurd kernel, used by GNU Hurd
operating system." "When I started, my mission had been to build a
complete operating system, which I would be calling GNU, acronym for
GNU's Not Unix. Most of the components for the GNU were completed,
except for a small portion, the kernel, without which we couldn't
launch the product. In 1991 Linus Torvalds had built a kernel, that
was the only part which was missing. Linus didn't inform us, he just
searched the net to find all our products that we were giving as
free software under the copyleft and took it and completed. This was
an unethical move by Torvalds. He should have informed us."
On a question on which distributor of GNU Linux is preferred, RMS
said that "most distributors include non-free software along with
free software. This is not good. To me, I think Debian version is
totally free. It doesn't have any non-free software. The Debian
license explicity maintains this stand. However among other
variants, I think Red Hat and Mandrake are committing fewer
mistakes, fewer errors. Red Hat and Mandrake doesn't produce
non-free software. They are not involved. Red Hat in fact produces
free software. Companies like Suse produces non-free software. This
RMS, left the hall apparently not being able to cope up with the
high level of humidity. "I am not used to working in this kind of
environment. Its too hot. Your country is too hot for me." RMS shook
hands with everyone who came forward and posed for photographs. In
his iterinary, RMS would be also meeting the leader of Opposition of
the Kerala Legislative Assembly, apart from giving a few more
lectures during course of his tour.
YOUR INPUTS and criticism to this newsletter are welcome. Contact us at
fred at bytesforall dot org COPYLEFT 2003. May be freely circulated provided
entire text and credits are left intact.
You can subscribe to receive this FREE newsletter (free of cost, and free in
other ways too!) by sending an email to linuxinindia-request(a)freelists.org
with 'subscribe' in the subject field OR by logging in on to
www.freelists.org (a great place to set up free-of-cost technology-related
lists!). You can go there directly by clicking on the URL below
Frederick Noronha : http://www.fredericknoronha.net Ph 0091.832.2409490
Freelance Journalist : http://www.bytesforall.org Ph 0091.832.2409783
http://fredericknoronha.blogware.com Cell 0 9822 122436
>From fsug-cusat-bounce(a)freelists.org Mon Feb 02 04:57:42 2004
Delivery-date: Mon, 02 Feb 2004 04:57:42 +0530
Date: Mon, 02 Feb 2004 05:41:41 +0800
From: Anwar AU <anwar(a)hackermail.com>
Subject: [fsug-cusat] incomplete Swantantra Malayalam Computing
X-Mailer: MIME-tools 5.41 (Entity 5.404)
Well showing a few screenshots of how a Malayalam Gnu/Linux will look is
really very impressive for the layman. But that is no way to impress
the guys here with a solution for a Malayalam desktop. The Swatantra
Malayalam Computing (SMC) hasnt achieved anything by showing a few pics
on a malayalam destop working on someone elses computer. Its easy to
show some one that 'I have created a malayalam gnome by showing how it
works on my computer and others who need to see this can come to my
house. Every One Is Invited.' Thanks but no.
Its really easy to show the desktop icon names using a changed font,
edit a few files so that a few of the easy applications are now in
malayalam, rename the menu items with the font and worst of all show a
web page that shows a malayalam site in full screen. This could be done
on any gnu system. If this were to be seen by people of other languages
they would laugh at our face saying these malayalees are'nt even capable
of creating a locale of their own, and so doesnt have even the basic
qualification to stand among us in the hall of locales.
As far as I know, if I am right, the first meeting for the necessity of
Indians to have a localized operating system to suit their purposes was
first held at Trivandrum in around 1999. The meeting concluded with a
descision to make localized versions of desktops for all the languages
in India. And after this, it was descided to form a group of developers
in kerala to do the specific task. It was called SMC and most of them
were from Trivandrum. They started their work on it, and after 3 years
these pictures and a few files on how to do this on your computer, is
what they have achieved.
The SMC's developers were properly funded and in the end we get to know
that the work they have done is using a patented by some one else and
could lead to patent problems in the future.They had taken pango as the
rendering engine and used a code to support indic module which was a
patented technology from IBM. Then how do we call it Swatantra Malayalam
Computing. 'I am really proud of you guys. You have done a really great
work'. The SMC's GPL'ed otf fonts were made from rachana fonts which was
owned by the rachana group and also not even in GPL. This font could
have later on made drastic impact on the project if the rachana team
went to sue them in the court. But its only a few days back that the
rachana came under the GPL.
But I am happy that their work could'nt materialize otherwise, it would
have roused too many complications. Every one is free to correct me
where i went wrong.
True Love for freedom comes from the love for source code and through
the understanding of humanity's desire to share.
Free Software Users Group - CUSAT