I am having a dual boot machine with Ubuntu 7.04 and Windows XP. Yesterday i
replaced Ubuntu 7.04 with Ubuntu 9.10 desktop edition and updated it. After
updating i restarted my machine and the GRUB took unbelievably long time. It
took almost 15 mins to load. It was not the same with 7.04. Also before i
updated 9.10 the GRUB was fast enough. Now it takes a lot of time to kick
Any help on this?..as in why its taking so long and how can i work it
around?..i dont intend to reinstall the OS..
Mayur K. Pawar
*Specific issues with version 2.4 of Draft Policy on Open Standards for
This document examines the Draft Policy on Open Standards for eGovernment
v2.4 dated 25.11.2009 and the process followed in adopting the same. You can
download from http://fosscomm.in/OpenStandards .
If v2.4 is adopted as official policy, it will result in:
1. The legitimization of proprietary standards that entail the payment of
royalty fees and huge foreign exchange outflows. This cost will be paid by
Indian taxpayers and pocketed by monopolistic vendors located in foreign
countries, since most proprietary standards are controlled by entities
outside India. Unlike royaltyfree open standards, the usage of proprietary
standards will mean that users will, directly or indirectly, pay a royalty
to a private entity for the privilege of communicating with the government.
2. Reduce eGovernment in India to a mess of incompatible systems that
cannot communicate with each other, thus defeating the very purpose of
eGovernment, if multiple standards for the same purpose are allowed.
*Logical inconsistencies in v2.4*
This section points out some of the most apparent flaws in v2.4
though it is not an exhaustive list. In particular, we would like to draw
attention to the utterly lax manner in which one of the key clauses in
section 4.1 titled "Mandatory Characteristics," has been drafted. "4.1.2 The
essential patent claims necessary to implement the Identified Standard
should preferably be available on a RoyaltyFree (no payment and no
restrictions) basis for the life time of the standard. However, if such
Standards are not found feasible and in the wider public interest, then RF
on Fair, Reasonable and Non Discriminatory terms and conditions (FRAND) or
Reasonable and Non Discriminatory terms and conditions (RAND) could be
*Inconsistency #1:* The use of a phrase like, "should preferably be
available on a RoyaltyFree (no payment and no restrictions) basis,"
contradicts the title of the section, which is, "Mandatory Characteristics"
and makes the usage of the Identified Standard nonbinding. This renders the
entire policy meaningless. By wording this clause in such a casual manner,
the government is surrendering its policy making responsibilities to market
forces that are driven to extract maximum profits from tax payers. *
Inconsistency #2: *The government has a serious longterm responsibility of
safeguarding its citizens data. Egovernment data remains valid for decades,
if not centuries and the archival and preservation of this data is critical.
In this context, we would like to point out that v2.4 does not even explain
or define "essential patent claims," which is one of the most important
terms in this policy. The implementation of a standard cannot be bifurcated
into "essential" and nonessential" parts. The policy v2.4 is also silent on
how the government will distinguish "essential patent claims" from
nonessential patent claims. Egovernment data stored in formats with such
unclear rights could be subject to litigation. Therefore, we would like to
submit that ALL patent claims on a standard should be made available on a
royaltyfree basis so that there are no problems in the foreseeable future.
Procedural issues with v2.4*
1. Apart from these above mentioned inconsistencies, there is also no
change log that explains the reasons for introducing new terms in v2.4 and
the major directional changes made in this version, as compared to v2.0.
2. It has also been brought to our notice that the expert committee
constituted by Department of Information Technology that was involved in
drafting this policy since 2007 and was responsible for creating v2.0 that
was acclaimed by Civil Society Organizations, was not even informed of the
creation and adoption of v2.4. This is a significant disservice to the
expert committee Such undemocratic actions will only dissuade public
spirited citizens from participating in national policy making processes,
especially if these process are marked by lack of transparency and
accountability on the part of the government.
3. While Department of Information Technology has invited industry
lobbies and trade associations to be part of Apex Committee on Open
Standards, it has given no representation to Civil Society Organizations. In
fact, the inputs sent in by organizations like National Campaign for
People's Right to Information, IT For Change, Center for Internet and
Society, Knowledge Commons and others have been completely ignored by
Department of Information Technology.
*Financial Issues *
From an eGovernment perspective, when royaltyfree standards are
available, or can be created, it is perfectly rational, economic behavior to
opt for such standards. There are very few situations where the government
will be able to justify the use of proprietary standards that are controlled
by monopolies and entail the payment of huge royalties. Our national data
should not be stored in formats that are trade secrets of vendors or
controlled by vendors through patents and other forms of protection that
enable them to extract royalties and other rents. Furthermore, it has to be
recognized that open standards do not preclude anyone from implementing
them. If India's egov data is stored in proprietary data formats, the cost
of using these formats will grow as we get more and more invested in
egovernance. Therefore the government must draw strict rules in favor of
open, royaltyfree standards and mandate that ALL stakeholders involved in
e Governance adhere strictly to these standards.
As an emerging software superpower, the IT policies formulated
in India are closely monitored and emulated. If a poorly worded, logically
inconsistent draft like v2.4 becomes national policy, India will be a
laughing stock in the community of nations. From a policymaking
perspective, the government has repeatedly appealed to educated Indians to
contribute to national goals and policy making. However, if software
monopolies can so easily defeat policies that are aimed at protecting
national interests, this is a serious discouragement to all the public
spirited academics and citizens who have volunteered their time and effort
to drafting this policy. This will send a strong negative signal to those
who wish to contribute to policy making and dissuade them from participating
in such policy making processes.
We therefore request urgent corrective steps to ensure that the
Draft Policy on Open Standards for e Government results in the creation of
a meaningful policy that protects the interests of the country.
│ Narendra Sisodiya ( नरेन्द्र सिसोदिया )
│ Society for Knowledge Commons
│ Web : http://narendra.techfandu.org
I am looking for an application which will sit in the system tray, check
multiple pop3 mailboxes at predefined intervals, pop-up / notify when a new
email is received.
Any recommendations for such an application ?
On windows desktop I have been using *Magic Mail Monitor* & *PopPeeper*.
Both are brilliant applications.
Now I need something similar for my linux desktops.
Thanks just giving back as much as we can to the community.
Yup, just working only,
will call u one of these days
Sent from my Android
----- Reply message -----
From: "Rajeev R. K." <rajeevrk(a)gmail.com>
Date: Tue, Jan 19, 2010 11:09 AM
Subject: [ILUG-BOM] New Fedora Mirror Mumbai, INDIA
To: "GNU/Linux Users Group, Mumbai, India" <linuxers(a)mm.ilug-bom.org.in>
On Mon, Jan 18, 2010 at 11:57 AM, Ripunjay Bararia <ripunjay(a)hns.net.in>wrote:
> Hi All,
> We have just launched a new fedora mirror for India,
Good on you m8... awesome to have a low latency yum repo around without
having to rsync the whole shebang :P
P.S.: How are you doing even.. been ages since we touched base....
> Ripunjay Bararia
> Honesty Net Solutions (I) Pvt Ltd
> Mumbai, INDIA.
My office is at Mahakali Caves, Andheri E.
So *Siji Sunny* is the closest. Closer than going to Andheri station and
buying LFY ;-)
Siji, What is the convenient time to collect the DVD ?
I will burn a copy and return the original to you.
On Mon, Jan 18, 2010 at 4:03 PM, Siji Sunny <sijisunny(a)gmail.com> wrote:
> Am having fedora 12 DVD which has been distributed by EFY.My office is at
> Malad and staying at Andheri East Mahakali Caves.You can reach me on
> On Mon, Jan 18, 2010 at 3:58 PM, RSCL Mumbai <rscl.mumbai(a)gmail.com>wrote:
>> Looking for Fedora 12 i386 DVD.
>> Anyone in suburbs who can help.
> Siji Sunny
I am using Acer Aspire One and am getting the following error msg in trying
to use the software updater when it tries to resolve dependencies.
Anyone? Please help
Unresolvable requirement kernel >= 2.4 for vpnc
Unresolvable requirement libgnome-menu.so.2 for eel2
Unresolvable requirement libgnome-desktop-2.so.2 for gnome-utils
Unresolvable requirement redhat-menus >= 1.11 for htmlview
Unresolvable requirement kernel >= 2.6.14 for fuse
Unresolvable requirement notification-daemon for notify-python
Unresolvable requirement libgnome-desktop-2.so.2 for nautilus
Unresolvable requirement redhat-menus >= 0.25 for nautilus
Unresolvable requirement kde-filesystem for kdelibs
Unresolvable requirement redhat-menus for kdelibs
Unresolvable requirement desktop-backgrounds-basic >= 2.0-4 for nautilus
Unresolvable requirement gnome-desktop >= 2.18.0-2 for eel2
Unresolvable requirement libgnome-desktop-2.so.2 for eel2
Unresolvable requirement gnome-vfs2-smb for nautilus